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Third Grade Language Arts Differential

There are significant disparities by race/ethnicity and income in third grade language arts proficiency
  • Among racial and ethnic minorities, Asians trail the overall LPS population by 5%, Hispanics/Latinx trail by 10%, and Black/African-Americans trail by 28%.
  • Students who receive free/reduced lunch (a proxy for low income6) trail the overall LPS population by 16%.
  • Research suggests that the source of variation in educational achievement is mainly linked to family economic status and not race/ethnicity alone.7,8
Footnotes

6. In general, students are eligible for free lunch if their household income is less than 130% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines, and eligible for reduced lunch if their household income is less than 185% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines. In the 2018-19 school year, students in a family of four with a household income less than $32,630 would be eligible for free lunch, and those with a household income less than $46,435 would be eligible for reduced lunch. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service. (2018). Child nutrition programs: Income eligibility guidelines. Federal Register/Vol. 83, No. 89/Tuesday, May 8, 2018. Retrieved 11.10.2019 from https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2018-05-08/pdf/2018-09679.pdf

7. Entwisle, D. R., & Alexander, K. L. (1992). Summer setback: Race, poverty, school composition, and mathematics achievement in the first two years of school. American Sociological Review, 57(1), 72-84. doi: 10.2307/2096145

8. Hernandez, D. J. (2011). Double jeopardy: How third-grade reading skills and poverty influence high school graduation. Baltimore, MD: Annie E. Casey Foundation.