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Race and Equity Trends > Education

Race Equity Trends:

Education provides broad benefits to a community. Communities with more educated populations tend to earn higher average salaries.1 However, the benefits of education are not always equally distributed. Disparities persist in educational test scores and attainment of Lincoln students by race/ethnicity. Research illustrates that multiple factors can serve as barriers to educational outcomes and attainment, including economic and historical factors, such as redlining, that segregate schools by race and family wealth creating inequitable school academic opportunities.2,3,4 Educational disparities observed in Lincoln Vital Signs over the past decade continue to persist.

Lincoln students from households that tend to have higher average levels of income and caregiver educational attainment also tend to have better average performance in school. Study after study demonstrates that there is a strong relationship between a students’ educational outcomes (as measured by test scores and grades), their household income, and the educational level of their caregivers, regardless of race or ethnicity. This relationship has been found in studies looking at the individual, school, district, state, and national level.5 In other words, differences in educational outcomes for children cannot be separated from differences in family income and educational attainment.


  1. Glaeser, E. L. (Edward L. (2011). Triumph of the city: How our greatest invention makes us richer, smarter, greener, healthier, and happier. New York: Penguin Press.
  2. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2006). Race matters: How race affects education opportunities. https://assets.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-racemattersEDUCATION-2006.pdf
  3. Rothstein, R. (2017). The color of law : a forgotten history of how our government segregated America. Liveright Publishing Corporation, a division of W.W. Norton & Company.
  4. Hernandez, D. J. (2011). Double jeopardy: How third-grade reading skills and poverty influence high school graduation. Baltimore, MD: Annie E. Casey Foundation.
  5. Ladd, Helen F. (2012). Presidential Address: Education and Poverty: Confronting the Evidence. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 31(2)207-227.