Basic Needs

Basic needs are the fundamental requirements that must be met in order for individuals to live. Although Lincoln did not experience the high unemployment rates seen in other areas of the United States, Lincoln residents experienced a dramatic increase in poverty during the 2007 to 2009 recession. Lincoln’s poverty rate is now 15%, about the same as the rest of the nation. The number of students receiving free lunch has doubled since 20051. The number of households receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP; formerly known as food stamps) benefits increased between 2008 and 2009 and has remained level since. Lincoln has five neighborhoods in extreme poverty (more than 40% of residents in poverty). In other ways, Lincoln appears to provide positive opportunities for people to meet their basic needs: homeless rates have declined to pre-recession levels, housing costs are lower than the national average, and the percentage of the population that is uninsured has decreased.

Lincoln’s Number of Persons in Poverty has Increased 45% in the Past Decade

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Households in or Near Poverty is 23% Higher than in 2005

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The Percentage of Children in Poverty has Fallen Below the Pre-Recession Rate

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Female Headed Households and Households with Multiple Children are More Likely to be in Poverty

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Most Persons in Poverty are White

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Newer New Americans Have Higher Poverty Rates

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Poverty Rates are Higher Among Those with Less Educational Attainment

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There are Five Neighborhoods in Extreme Poverty

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Map of Poverty by Census Tracts

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Extreme Poverty Neighborhood Profiles (compared to Lincoln as a whole)

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SNAP and Free Lunch Program Rates have Increased Dramatically

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Lincoln has Comparable Rates of Food Insecurity, Coupled with Higher Rates of Ineligibility for Federal Nutrition Programs

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Uninsured population dramatically decreased in 2015

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Insurance Profile Varies by Age Group

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Housing Costs in Lincoln are Low

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Homelessness in Lincoln is Higher than Pre-Recession, but has Been Declining

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Footnotes

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